文:本站原创 — 2015-6-17 13:15:26

林涵水源—长江上游水源林地保护

  长江上游水源林地保护项目
 
  云雾下的甘肃白水江保护区
 
  水是生命之源、生产之要、生态之基。不仅关系到防洪、供水、粮食的安全,而且关系到经济、生态及国家安全,保护水源已经成为全球所面临的重要议题。建国后50年间,超过3000万公顷的原始森林被破坏,目前全国每年损失林地达2500多万亩,占全国年造林面积近1/3,水土流失面积占国土总面积37%,20年来中国大河少了一半。长江流域涉及中国 1/3 的人口及 GDP,项目区位于长江上游,涉及长江的两条支流,岷江、嘉陵江,是长江生态安全屏障。但是过度砍伐、水土流失、水质污染等因素导致水源供应危机。
 
  自1998 年中国政府投入海量资金开展生态补偿,涉及森林、水、草原等,但是补偿资金未能基于保护成效,生态服务的提供与补偿不对等,森林与水资源破坏的行为依然存在;因此需要一个更细化、更有操作性的生态效益补偿机制,以阻止森林采伐,保证稳定的水源供应和生态服务的提供。
 
  长江上游水源林地保护项目由山水自然保护中心与汇丰银行合作,并联合川、甘两省的林业保护部门共同开展。项目实施后,预计200000公顷以上的水源林得到有效的保护;每年4000万的生态补偿得到有效的使用;5个社区,5000人直接受益,辐射20个社区,580000人间接受益,影响成都市100万人的饮水安全;
 
  长江上游水源林地保护项目区域图
 
  长江上游水源林地保护项目期为3年,有四个方面的目标:
 
  优化生态补偿机制:在县级领域推广“补偿基于保护成效”机制,激励农户和社区在水源林保护方面的热情,更好的调节农户开荒和过度依赖森林的问题;
 
  支持社区保护与发展实践:共建社区保护发展基金,协助村民发展环境友好的替代生计,增加村民收入,降低不合理使用水源及森林的趋势;
 
  建立水源林保护成效监测体系:多角度、定量监测森林保护和水源供应之间的关系,评估水源林保护成效和生态效益;
 
  政策倡导和推广:总结工作并提交给四川和甘肃省政府,将改良的工作模式在四川、甘肃省内及其他可接受的省份传播推广。
 
 
 理县熊耳山上俯瞰岷江河谷
 
  水源涵养林,是指以调节、改善、水源流量和水质的一种防护林。也称水源林。涵养水源、改善水文状况、调节区域水分循环、防止河流、湖泊、水库淤塞,以及保护可饮水水源为主要目的的森林、林木和灌木林。主要分布在河川上游的水源地区,对于调节径流,防止水、旱灾害,合理开发、利用水资源具有重要意义。
 
  山水要闻
  长江上游水源林地保护项目启动
 
  2015年3月24日上午,山水-汇丰长江上游水源林地保护项目启动仪式在成都举行,四川省林业厅副厅长陶智全、汇丰银行亚太区企业可持续发展总监唐丹妮、山水自然保护中心运营总监王雁,项目区代表等参加了启动仪式。会上,四川省林业厅、汇丰集团和山水代表为项目揭牌,山水自然保护中心分别与理县林业局、白水江国家级保护区管理局签署赠款协议,标志着长江上游水源林地保护项目正式启动。
 
  四川省林业厅陶智全副厅长致辞
 
  汇丰银行(中国)可持续发展部总监张惠峰致辞
 
  山水自然保护中心运营总监王雁致辞
 
  十八届三中全会以来,中央政府多次提出推进生态文明制度体系的建立,用制度保护生态环境,并将生态安全纳入国家安全体系。山水—汇丰长江上游水源林地保护项目的开展,正是支持生态文明制度体系建立的体现。
 
 
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西南山地

森林,是水源的安全屏障。过度砍伐、水土流失、水质污染等因素将导致水源供应危机。2015年3月24日上午,山水-汇丰长江上游水源林地保护项目启动仪式在成都举行。

项目团队

    项目支持伙伴

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    山水自然保护中心于2007年建立。我们通过观察、记录和研究自然,寻找和当地的守护者一起保护自然的方式。我们在中国生物多样性最丰富的三江源、西南山地及澜沧江区域(青海、云南、四川、甘肃、陕西)开展保护工作。

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